By 2030, half of all light vehicle sales in Victoria will be Zero Emissions Vehicles (ZEVs). Our Roadmap delivers the long-term vision to roll out this key driver of our clean energy future.

The Victorian Government has released its Zero Emissions Vehicle Roadmap, supported by a $100 million dollar package of policies and programs that will ensure Victoria is a leader in the adoption of ZEVs in Australia and positioning the state to take full advantage of the emerging global shift towards this exciting technology.

This package includes:

  • $46 million for Australia’s first public Zero Emissions Vehicle Subsidy Program – providing individual subsidies at the point of purchase of more than 20,000 ZEVs
  • $19 million to accelerate the roll-out of electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure across regional Victoria and support the charging of EV fleets

Front cover of ZEV Roadmap

  • $20 million for a ZEV public transport bus trial - and a target for all public transport bus purchases to be ZEVs from 2025
  • $10 million to replace 400 vehicles in the Victorian Government Fleet (VicFleet) with ZEVs
  • $5 million to establish a Commercial Sector Zero Emissions Vehicle Innovation Fund
  • $298,000 for an ‘EV-readiness’ in new buildings study

This package has been made possible by a zero and low-emissions road user charge – a charge that will be a fraction of the motor vehicle-related taxes and charges other vehicle owners pay and ensures all road users contribute to the upkeep of our roads.

Other actions to help remove barriers to the uptake of ZEV technology, as well as leverage opportunities associated with the impact of this technology transition, include:

  • setting a target of 50% of new light vehicle sales to be zero emissions by 2030
  • supporting further reforms to the National Construction Code in 2022 to make new buildings ZEV-ready
  • providing online tools and guidance to increase public awareness and promote uptake of ZEVs, including in corporate and local council fleets
  • establishing an expert advisory panel to recommend policies, enabling investments and timelines to support the achievement of the 2030 target
  • commencing work on an industry development and transition plan, exploring the opportunities associated with ZEV manufacturing, maintenance, repair and recycling.

The ZEV Roadmap is a whole-of-Victorian-Government exercise, closely linked to the Climate Change Strategy and our interim greenhouse gas emissions targets.


Zero Emissions Vehicles Roadmap (PDF, 4.8 MB)

Zero Emissions Vehicle Roadmap - Accessible (DOCX, 4.1 MB)

Zero Emissions Vehicle Subsidy Program

The Victorian Government is incentivising Victorians to choose to buy an ZEV sooner through the Zero Emissions Vehicle Subsidy Program, saving people up to $3,000 on the purchase of a ZEV and driving Victoria’s transition to a net-zero emissions future.

Learn more about the Zero Emissions Vehicle Subsidy Program

Acceleration of Zero Emissions Vehicle Adoption Program (AZEVA)

The Acceleration of Zero Emissions Vehicle Adoption Program (AZEVA) forms part of the Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Roadmap. AZEVA includes a suite of programs ranging from charging infrastructure grants (both government and business fleet charging), a feasibility study and technology demonstration grants. The first grant program to be launched under AZEVA is the Destination Charging Across Victoria (DCAV) Program.

Learn more and apply for the Destination Charging Across Victoria (DCAV) Program

What is a ZEV?

ZEVs do not use petroleum fuels, and therefore do not emit greenhouse gas emissions from the tailpipe. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) and Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) are examples of these technologies.

Why ZEVs?

Diagram of a car with differences between technology

Victoria is working to accelerate the adoption of ZEVs to ensure a timely transition to net-zero emissions by 2050.

One of the biggest (and growing) sources of greenhouse gas emissions is the transport sector  – in fact it accounts for 25% of Victoria’s total carbon emissions. ZEVs - using clean, renewable energy - can provide opportunities to achieve significant reductions in these emissions, while also reducing the amount of air pollution, making our cities and towns more liveable.

ZEVs will interact closely with our electricity system – changing when and how we use and access the electricity grid, or our own household solar systems, and potentially providing new, mobile forms of energy storage.

The journey to 2030, and to the ultimate goal of a fully decarbonised road transport sector by 2050, will involve significant challenges but also enormous opportunities for Victoria. These include social, economic, and environmental benefits beyond just emissions reduction - including industry development, new jobs, lower transport costs, improved air quality and enhanced community well-being.

Save by driving a ZEV

Did you know that you can save by driving a ZEV? For example, BEVs have significantly lower ‘re-fuelling’ costs per kilometre, with savings on fuel estimated to be around $1,300 per year. Research has also shown that BEVs and FCEVs require much less costly maintenance, as they have fewer moving parts that require regular servicing or might need to be replaced, with savings estimated to be $300 per year.

Woman standing next to a Nissan Leaf

How far can I go on one charge?

Battery range and its impact on travel needs - or ‘range anxiety’ - is a common concern when it comes to purchasing a ZEV. However, many ZEVs currently available in Australia, such as the Nissan Leaf and Hyundai Kona, can travel at least 350-450 kilometres respectively on a single charge - greatly exceeding the daily travel distances for all but a few Victorians.

To support those undertaking longer-distance travel in ZEVs, such as to or within regional Victoria, the Government is investing in the further roll-out of electric vehicle charging infrastructure – on our highways, in regional towns and tourist spots, and at other high-use locations – to create a readily accessible and coordinated network of public charging infrastructure across Victoria. In fact, you can already drive from Adelaide to Melbourne to Sydney with easy access to electric vehicle charging infrastructure - and every year, we’re adding new charging stations that are charging ever faster to accommodate this exciting, inevitable shift to a ZEV future.

If you would like to know more or make any comments regarding Victoria’s transition to ZEVs, please email

Page last updated: 13/08/21